c) The newest eastern Jewish dialects show multiple features: ultimate stress (1), change from [Theta] to at least one (4), reinterpretation of verb group as the figure (5), and reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Speaking of areal keeps and this period the fundamental divide ranging from Halabja to your one hand and you can Koy Sanjaq and you can Azerbaijan on the most other. That isn’t obvious where dialect every one of them develop, however they are almost certainly lent from one for the other people and never inherited in accordance.
These three significant groups away from isoglosses show merely a little part of the facts that is delivered to sustain towards the taxonomy of your own NENA languages. Hoberman (1988, 573), having fun with facts regarding pronouns, demonstrates the current presence of a northern Iraqi dialect class (right here illustrated because of the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you may Aradhin) and that cannot be detected based on the limited analysis exhibited right here. What is needed now is both heavier descriptions of one’s languages currently noted, to ensure more common and determining services exists, while having field-work so you can list the countless dialects that are to your verge of extinction.
1 Thanks are caused by people who discussed data and suggestions, including Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and Jo Rubba. E.H. summer stipend.
For example, f and g was in fact hired during the words instance etrog ‘citron’ and you will sefer ‘scroll of your law’, in which about handed down Aramaic language f would have become p and g could have gone away
step three Garbell (1964, 100-103) claims that the audio system of Jewish Azerbaiaic regarding Kurdish. The girl number 1 proof for this ‘s the pronunciation of Hebrew financing-terminology in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords when you look at the Jewish Azerbaijani maintain particular audio which have been removed or merged with folks on preferred Neo-Aramaic vocabulary. Garbell states these retentions establish that these Hebrew words have been borrowed originally from inside the Kurdish, and that several Kurdish sound system later shifted to Neo-Aramaic. It seems probably be the Hebrew aspects on dialect did not participate in the kupÃ³n wooplus latest voice alterations in matter because of new unique religious check in that it fall in. They could need changed and then been recovered into basis of one’s conventional pronunciation out of nearby organizations.
cuatro An elevated + shows that the following phrase is pronounced towards suprasegmental ability ’emphasis’ that’s receive somewhat throughout NENA languages. Phonetically, focus is actually complex, but its no. 1 parts try velarization, and is also have a tendency to caused by the existence of brand new emphatic consonants t and s.
eight On dialect out of Tyari [Theta] commonly gets s. It dialect, that was verbal just before 1915 inside the an area out of Hakkari, isn’t discussed right here as the product involved is actually insufficient.
8 That isn’t obvious whether or not this type is obtainable in the fresh Halabja dialect. My personal informants following that realized it, however, told you it was way more attribute of your surrounding city of Suleimaniya. Regardless, it is unknown about dialect of one’s Jews from Sanandaj.
9 Robert Hoberman ways if you ask me that NENA models may actually have originated an enthusiastic unattested metathesized e[Theta]strip ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. In Bono Homini Donum: Essays inside Historical Linguistics for the Memory off J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you may Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Training regarding the Idea and Reputation of Linguistic Research, show IV. Current Points when you look at the Linguistic Concept 16. Area II, 613-44. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
A query into the Creation of your own Middle Aramaic Dialects
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Conditions and you can Syllables during the Jewish Eastern This new Aramaic of Persian Azerbaijan therefore the Continguous Areas (A dilemma of Multilingualism). During the Knowledge in Egyptology and you can Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration People.